Привет. Здесь ты выучишь транскрипцию и правила чтения.
Всё просто: ознакомься с транскрипционным знаком и буквосочетаниями и переходи к упражнениям.
essay | help | ready | friendly
a
e
ea
ie
Pet, bet, bed, central, censor, cell, check, chef, crest, crept, deck, den, deft, delve, desk, dress, elder, elect, ever, etch, ever, extra, fed, flesh, flex, fresh, frenzy, get, help, helmet, hem, hen, jelly, jet, let, leg, left, level, mend, melody, memory, men, metro, pen, belt, peck, rep, rent, relic
1
К каждому знаку прилагаются упражнения. Читай эти слова вслух по 15-20 раз. Так ты запомнишь закономерности чтения определённых буквосочетаний и разовьёшь навык беглого чтения.
Set, sell, seller, self, seldom, selfish, sense, send, sensor, sentry, sent, settle, seven, shelf, shed, shell, sketch, sled, sledge, slept, smell, speck, spektre, spectrum, sped, spent, stem, step.
2
Stress, stretch, success, suggest, gest, jest, press, accept, suspend, swell, teddy, tell, tennis, ten, tempt, telly, tender, tense, tent, text, then, twenty, twelve.
3
Undress, unless, welcome, unwell, upset, velvet, vendor, vent, vest, vessel, well, web, wed, wedge, edge, weld, west, when, hence, yell, yellow, yet, yes.
4
Dread, bread, ready, head, health, heaven, jealous, meant, measure, lead, sweat, sweater, sweaty, threat, pleasant, weapon, weather, steady, instead, dead, heavy, tread, friend, friendly, friendship.
5
Any, anymore, anywhere, anyplace, anything, anyways, anytime, anyway, anybody, anyhow, anyone, many.
6
звук долгий, похожий на протяжно произнесённый начальный звук русского слова ива. При произнесении язык выдвинут вперёд и приподнят, а губы растянуты как бы в улыбке:
be | ski | free | receive | achieve | peace
e
i
ee
ei
ie
ea
Athlete, be, cedar, cede, complete, decency, gene, he, me, media, mediate, meteor, meter, obese, obedient, obscene, precede, recent, recently, scenic, scene, scheme, secrecy, secret, secrete.
1
She, species, supreme, tedious, these, tuxedo, vehicle, Venus, we.
2
Agree, bee, beef, been, beet, beetle, beetroot, bleed, breed, breeze, cheek, creed, creek, creep, creepy, deed, deem, deep, exceed, fee, feeble, feed, feel, feeling, feet, flee, fleece,
fleet, free.
3
Freedom, freelance, freely, freeze, freezer, gee, geese, glee, gleeful, greed, greedy, green, greet, heed, heel, indeed, Jeep, keel, keen, keep, knee, kneel, leek.
4
Meek, meet, meeting, need, needle, needless, peek, peel, peep, proceed, queen, redeem, reed, reef, reek, screech, screen, see, seed, seedy, seedling, seek, seem, seeming, seen, seep, seethe.
5
Sheen, sheep, sheepish, sleek, sleep, sleet, sleeve, sneeze, speed, speedy, squeeze, steel, steep, sweep, sweet, teem, teen, teenager, teeter, teeth, tree, tweed, wee, weed, week, weep, wheel, wheeze.
6
Appeal, beach, beacon, bead, beaker, beak, beam, bean, beast, beat, beaver, bleach, bleak, breach, cease, cheap, cheat, clean, creak, cream, creamy, crease, creature, deal, dealing, dean.
7
Defeat, dream, dreamy, each, eager, eagle, easel, easy, east, Easter, eat, eater, feast, feat, feature, flea, freak, gleam, glean, grease, greasy, heal, healer, heap, heat, heater, heave, jeans.
8
Lead, leader, leading, leaf, leaflet, league, leak, leap, lease, leave, leaves, meal, mean, meaning, means, measles, meat, neat, pea, peace, peach, peak, peal, peat, plea, plead, pleading, please, pleat, preach.
9
Preheat, reach, read, reader, reading, real, reap, reason, retreat, reveal, scream, sea, seagull, seal, seam, season, seat, seating, sleazy, speak, speaker, squeak, squeal, steal, steam, steamer, steamy.
10
Treason, treat, veal, weak, weaken, weakness, wean, weave, wheat, wreak, wreath, yeast, zeal.
11
Antique, bikini, caprice, chlorine, clique, critique, elite, elitist, fatigue, fluorine, intrigue, kiwi, marina, marine, migraine, niche, physique, pizza, police, ravine, regime, routine, ski, technique, unique, visa, zucchini.
12
Achieve, achievement, afield, apiece, belief, believe, believer, brief, briefcase, briefly, besiege, chief, chiefly, diesel, fief, field, fiend, frieze, grief, grievance, grieve, grievous, liеf, liege, niece, piece, priest, relief, relieve, reprieve, Riesling, shield, siege, spiel, thief, thieve, thieving, thievish, wield, yield.
13
Ceiling, codein, deceit, conceive, deceive, forfeit, receipt, receive, receiver, seize, seizure.
14
это краткий звук, приближающийся к русскому "И" в слове кит
bit | gym | build | monkey
i
y
ui
ey
Addict, admit, afflict, akin, amid, begin, bicker, bid, big, bill, bin, binge, billow, bit, blink, bliss, blister, bring, brink, brisk, bristle, British, chic, chill.
1
Children, chilly, chimney, chin, chip, chisel, christen, click, cliff , clinch, cling, clinic, clink, clip,
crib, cricket, criminal, crimson, cringe, cripple, crips, critic, differ, different, difficult, dig, digit, diligent.
2
Din, dinner, dip, diplomat, disco, dish, distance, district, dither, drift, drink, drizzle, emit, fickle, fiction, fiddle, fifty, figure, fill, filling, film, filter, filth, fin, finch, finger, finish, fish, fit.
3
Filling, fix, fizz, flick, friction, fridge, frill, fringe, gift, gig, giggle, gilt, gin, ginger, gipsy, gist, give, glib, glimmer, glimpse, glint, glitter, grid, grill, grim, grin, grip, grit, gritty.
4
Hid, hidden, hill, him, hinge, hint, hip, hippie, history, hit, hitch, ill, image, in, incident, index, infancy, infant, inner, is, it, itch, its, jig, jigsaw, jingle, jitters, jittery.
5
Kick, kid, kidnap, kidney, kill, killer, kin, king, kingdom, kiss, kit, kitchen, kitsch, kitten, kitty, knit, liberal, lick, lid, lift, limit, lip, limp, linen, linger, link, liquid, list, listen, lit, litre.
6
Litter, little, live, livid, living, midday, middle, midst, midway, military, milk, milky, mill, mince,
mineral, minimal, minister, mink, mint, minute, miss, missile, mission, mist, mix.
7
Nick, niggle, nil, nimble, nip, nipple, pig, pick, pickle, picnic, picture, pigeon, pigment, pilgrim, pill, pillow, pimp, pin, pincer, pinch, pink, pip, pistol, piston, pit, pitch, pitfall, pitiful, pity, pivot.
8
Prick, prickly, prim, primitive, prince, principle, print, printer, prison, quid, quick, quibble, quilt, quip, quit, quiver, quiz, rib, ribbon, rich, rid, riddle, ridge, rift, rig, rigid.
9
Rigour, rim, ring, rink, rinse, ripple, risk, risky, river, rivet, shift, shimmer, shin, shingle, ship, shipping, shiver, sibling, sick, sickly, sift, signal, signify, silk, silky, silt, silly, sill, silver, simmer, simple, simplify, sin.
10
Since, sing, singer, single, sinister, sink, sip, sister, sit, six, sixty, sizzle, skid, skill, skilled, skim,
skin, skip, skipper, slick, slim, slip, slit, slither, sliver, sniff , snigger, snip, snippet, spill.
11
Spin, spirit, spit, splinter, split, squid, squint, stick, sticker, sticky, stiff , stiffen, stigma, still, sting, stink, stint, strict, string, strip, stripper, swift, swim, swimming, swindle, swing, swish, switch.
12
Thick, thing, think, thin, thinker, this, thrill, thriller, tick, ticket, tickle, till, tilt, timber, timid,
tin, tinge, tingle, tinker, tint, tip, trick, trickle, tricky, trigger, trillion, trilogy.
13
Trim, trip, triple, triplet, trivial, twig, twin, twinkle, twist, until, vicar, vicious, victim, victor, victory, video, vigil, vigilant, vigorous, villa, village, villain, vindicate, vinegar, vineyard, vintage, virulent, visible.
14
15
16
17
18
19
Vision, visit, visitor, vista, vitamin, vivid, which, whiff , whim, whimper, winze, whip, whisk, whisker, wiskey, whisper, whistle, whizz, wicked, wicker, widow, width, wig, wiggle, willful, will.
Willing, willow, wilt, wimp, win, wince, winch, wind, window, windy, wing, wink, winner, winning, winter, wisdom, wish, wistful, wit, witch, with, wither, witty, wizard, wriggle, wring, wrinkle, wrist, writ, written, zigzag, zinc, zip, zipper.
Build, building, built, guilt, guitar, guild, builder,guinea.
Abyss, acrylic, analytic, crystal, cyclical, cynic, cylinder, cyst, dynasty, gym, gypsy, hypocrite,
hymn, lynch, lyric, mystic, mystical, myriad, physics, rythm, rhythmic, syllable, symbol, symphony, sympathy, syndrome, synonym, system, typical, tyranny.
Chimney, kidney, money, monkey, volley, trolley,
whiskey.
этот звук представляет собой нечто среднее между русскими 'а' и 'э'. Откройте рот так, как будто вы приготовились сказать 'а', энергично опустите нижнюю челюсть и произне-сите 'э'
bad | back | jam | crab
a
That, thank, than, thrash, track, tractor, traffic, tragedy, tragic, tram, tramp, trample, transcript, transit, transport, trap, trash, travel, vaccine, vacuum.
1
Valiant, valid, validate, valley, value, valve, van, vandal, vanish, vanity, wad, wag, wagon, wax, wrangle, wrap, wrapper, wrapping, yank, zap.
2
Scalp, scamper, scan, scandal, scanner, scant, scatter, scrap, shabby, shack, shadow, sham, shatter, slab, slack, slacken, slam, slang, slap, slash, smash.
3
Snack, snag, snap, snapshot, snatch, span, spank, spanner, spasm, spatter, stab, stabbing, stack, stag, stagnant, stammer, stamp, stand, standing, stank, stash, straddle, strand, strap.
4
Tab, tablet, tacit, tack, tackle, tacky, tact, tactful, tactic, tag, tally, tan, tangle, tank, tanker, tap, tariff , tax, taxi, taxing.
5
Plan, planetary, plank, planner, planning, plaque, platform, platter, practical, practice, pragmatic, pram, prank, rabbit, rack, racket, raffle, rag, ragged, ram, ramble, ramp, rampage.
6
Rampant, ran, rang, rank, ransack, ransom, rant, rap, rapid, rapids, rapture, rash, rat, ration, rattle, ravage, reality, recapture, sack, sad.
7
Sadden, saddle, sag, salad, salary, salvage, sanction, sand, sandal, sandstone, sandwich, sandy, sang, sanity, sank, sap, sat, satisfy, savage, sax.
8
Lattice, lavish, lax, mad, madly, mag, magic, magnet, magpie, magnify, mammal, man, mansion, mankind, mangle, marinate, marriage, marry, mascot, maxim, mass, mat, maths, matt, maximum.
9
Rigour, rim, ring, rink, rinse, ripple, risk, risky, river, rivet, shift, shimmer, shin, shingle, ship, shipping, shiver, sibling, sick, sickly, sift, signal, signify, silk, silky, silt, silly, sill, silver, simmer, simple, simplify, sin.
10
Mechanic, mismanage, manage, nag, napkin, nappy, narrative, narrow, national, natural, navigate, pack, package, packet, pact, pad, padded, padding, paddle, paddock, paddy, palace, pal, pamper, pan, panda.
11
Pander, pang, pant, pants, paradox, paraffin, paragraph, parallel, paramount, passage, passive, pastel, pasta, pat, patchy, patriot, patter, pattern, planet, placid.
12
Crab, dab, dad, dagger, dam, damp, dangle, dash, dazzle, dispatch, drag, embarrass, exact, exactly, fabric, facet, fact, factor, factory, fad, family, fancy, fraction.
13
Gag, gallant, gallery, gallon, gamble, gap, gas, gastric, glamour, grammar, grand, granddad, granny, gran, grapple, habit, hack, had, hand, ham.
14
15
16
17
18
Hamlet, hamper, handle, handy, hang, hangar, happen, happy, hash, hassle, jack, jam, jangle, lab, lack, lag, land, lamp, lap, lass, latch.
Abbey, absent, academy, abstract, active, actor, add, alphabet, amp, angry, animal, ankle, antics, apt, arid, axis, back, babble, bad, badly, bag.
Ballad, ban, band, bank, baron, bat, baton, blanket, black, brash, brand, brat, cab, cactus, calendar, calibre, capital, canon, canvas, canister, candid, can, campus, camera.
Candle, cancel, capitalism, captive, carriage, cash, cat, catch, chalet, champ, champion, chap, chapter, character, charity, chat, clamp, clash, classic, climax, crass, cramp, cram, crack.
долгий гласный звук, похожий на тот, которого от нас добивается врач при осмотре горла.
bar | far | car
a
as
ar
al
Path, raft, advantage, advance, craft, aircraft, after, bath, bathroom, blanch, bravado, bravo, camouflage, can't, chance, daft, drama, charade, chant, example, facade, father, gala, glance, mascara, massage, morale, draft, plaza, rafter, ranch, rather, remand, command, reprimand, saga, sample, scenario, shan't, staff , staffing, taro, plant, vase, avocado, waft, answer, safari, impala, glissade.
1
Alarm, apart, bar, barber, bard, bargain, bark, barley, barn, guard, bodyguard, car, carbon, carcass, card, cardboard, cardiac, cardigan, cardinal, cargo.
2
Carnage, carnation, carnival, carpet, carton, cartoon, cartridge, carve, carving, caviar, chart,
dark, darken, darling, darn, dart, charge, charm, far, farce.
3
Farm, farmer, farmland, farther, farthest, garbage, garden, garland, garlic, garment, garner, garnish, guard, guardian, guitar, harbour, hard, harden, hardly, hardship.
4
Hardware, hardy, hark, harm, harmful, harmless, harmony, harness, harp, harsh, harvest, impart, jar, jargon, large, lark, larva, mar, marble, mark.
5
Market, marketplace, marking, marmalade, marsh, marshal, martial, martyr, marvel, parcel, parched, park, parliament, parlour, parsley, parsnip, part, partial, participle, particle.
6
Partisan, partition, partly, partner, party, pharmacist, pharmacy, placard, radar, regard, regarding, regardless, remark, remarkable, scar, scarf, scarlet, shark, sharp, sharpen.
7
Smart, spar, spark, sparkle, sparkling, sparse, spartan, star, stark, start, starboard, starter, starting, startle, starve, tar, tardy, target, tarmac, tarn, tarnish, tarsal, tart, tartar, varmint, varnish, varsity, yard, yarn.
8
Calf, calm, calves, half, halve, qualm, balm, balmy, alms, al, almoner, almond, palm, psalm,
craft, crafty, qualm.
9
Rigour, rim, ring, rink, rinse, ripple, risk, risky, river, rivet, shift, shimmer, shin, shingle, ship, shipping, shiver, sibling, sick, sickly, sift, signal, signify, silk, silky, silt, silly, sill, silver, simmer, simple, simplify, sin.
10
Ask, basket, basketball, blast, cast, castle, class, clasp, exasperate, fasten, fast, flask, gasp, glass, grass, grasp, last, lasting, lastly, mask, masked, mast, master, masterpiece, mastery, nasty, pass, passing, past, pastime, pastoral, pasture, plaster, rasp, raspberry, task.
11
краткий звук, напоминающий русский о в слове
'кот'
not | wash
o
a
Bomb, along, allot, aloft, amok, amoral, aplomb, bob, bobby, bobtail, bod, body, bog, bombast, bond, bondage, bonnet, bonfire, boss, botch, bother, bottle.
1
Bottom, box, boxer, brolly, bronze, broth, chop, chock, cholera, chomp, chopper, chronic, clock, clod, clog, clop, closet, clot, cloth, cob, cobber, cobble, cobweb, cock, cockle, cockpit, cocktail, cocky, cod, coddle, coffee.
2
Coffin, cog, cognate, col, collage, collar, college, collie, colony, column, combat, comment, common, con, context, convict, cop, copy, copybook, copra, copper, cosmos.
3
Cost, costly, costume, cot, cottage, cotton, crock, crockery, croft, crofter, crop, cross, crotch, crotchet, dock, dog, dogma, doll, dolphin, don, donjon, donkey, dot, dottle, dotty.
4
Drop, dropsy, dross, flock, flog, flop, florid, florist, fob, fodder, fog, foggy, follow, folly, font, fondle, fondly, frock, frog, frolic, frost, frosty, froth, gloss, globular, glottis, gob, god, goggle, golf, golly.
5
Gondola, gone, gospel, gossip, got, grotty, hobby, hobble, hock, hockey, hog, holiday, hollow, homily, honk, honour, hop, horror, horrid, hospis, hospital, hostel, hostage, hot.
6
Job, jockey, jocular, jog, jolly, jot, knock, knob, knot, lob, lobster, lobby, lock, locker, lodge, log,
logic, loll, lollop, long, lop, loss, lost, lot.
7
Mob, mock, model, moderate, modern, modest, modify, module, moggy, mom, mommy, mono, monster, montage, mop, moral, mosque, moss, mossy, moth, motley, nobble, nod, noddle, nodular, nog, nominal, nonstop, nosh, nostril, not, notch, novel, nozzle.
8
Obsolete, obstacle, obstinate, occupy, odd, oddly, off , offer, office, officer, often, olive, onyx,
opera, opt, optic, option, ostrich, otter, ox, oxtail, oxygen.
9
Plodder, plonk, plop, plot, pock, pocket, pod, poncy, pond, ponder, pong, pop, poplar, popper, poppet, poppy, popsy, popular, posh, positive, posse, possible, pot, probable, prodigy, prod, product, proffer, profit, project, promise, prophecy, prophet, prospect, proxy.
10
Revolve, rhombus, rob, rock, rocket, rod, rot, scholar, scotch, shock, shoddy, shop, shot, snob, snog, sob, soccer, sock, socket, sod, soft, soften, solace, solemn, solid, solitary, solve, solvent, song, sonic, sorrel, sot, sorry, sorrow.
11
Spot, spotty, spotlight, sprocket, stock, stocking, stodge, stolid, stomp, stop, stopper, strong, swop, thong, tocsin, tod, toddle, toddler, toddy, toff , toffee, toggle.
12
Tolerance, tomcat, tomtit, tongs, tonic, top, topic, topknot, topless, topple, torrent, toss, totter, trod, trolley, tropic, tropical, tropics, trot, trotter.
13
Volatile, volley, volume, voluntary, vomit, whop, whopper, wobble, wobbly, wombat, wonkey, wrong, wrongful, wroth, yonder, yonks.
14
15
16
Quad, quadrangle, quadrant, quadratic, quadroon, quadruped, quadruple, quaff , qualify, quality, quandary, quantify, quantity, quarrel, quarry, quash, quatrain.
Squabble, squad, squadron, squalid, squalor, squander, squash, squat, squatter, swap, swat, what, whatever, wander, wampum, want, wanton, wapiti, warrior, wash, wasp, waspish, wassail, watch, watt, wattage, wattle, wrath.
долгий звук, близкий к протяжно произнесённому
'о' при удивлении .
form | four | draw | all | floor
oar
our
oor
ar
o
ore
or
aw
an
al
Acorn, adorn, chortle, border, cord, cordial, cordon, cork, corn, corner, corny, corpse, deform,
enormous, for, forge, force, forgery, fork, form, format, former, formerly, formula, fort, forth, fortnight, fortress.
1
Fortune, forty, forum, forward, gorge, gorgeous, horn, horse, inform, morbid, mortal, morsel, mortar, north, orbit, orchestra, orchid, order, ordinal, ordinary, organ, organize, orgy, orphan.
2
Ornament, perform, porcelain, porch, pork, port, portable, porter, portion, portrait, record, recorder, scorn, shorn, short, shorten, shortlist, snorkel, sort, sport, storm, stormy.
3
Sword, sworn, thorn, torch, torment, torso, tortoise, torture, worn, lord.
4
board, hoard, hoarding, boarding, coarse, roar.
5
Adore, ashore, chore, crore, encore, explore, before, bore, core, fore, forearm, forecast, forefinger, forefront, foreman, forename, foresee, forestall, galore, gore, ignore, implore, lore, more, ore, pore, score, shore, snore, semaphore, sophomore, spore, store, swore, tore, wore, yore.
6
Four, foursome, fourteen, fourth, mourn, mournful, recourse, resource, source, your, yours, yourself.
7
All, also, already, almost, always, bald, balk, ball, chalk, call, falcon, fall, false, falter, forestall, hall, hallmark, hallway, halt, malt, pall, paltry, salt, salty, scald, stall, stalwart, talk, tall, walk, wall, walled, walnut, waltz.
8
Assault, August, auto, auburn, auction, audible, audit, augment, aura, author, authority, autism, autograph, autumn, baulk, cauldron, cause, cauliflower, caution, cautious, clause, daub, daughter, daunt, defraud, exhaust, faun, fauna, fault, flaunt, fraud, gaudy, gaunt, gauntlet, hauberk, haul, haunt, haunting, launch, launder, laundry, maul, maunder, nautical, paunch, pauper, pause, plausible, raucous, sauce, saucepan, saucer, saucy, sauna, saunter, taunt, taut, vault, vaunt.
9
Awkward, awl, awning, bawl, brawl, brawn, claw, dawn, draw, drawl, drawn, fawn, flaw, gawk, hawk, law, lawful, lawn, maw, paw, pawn, pawky, pawl, raw, saw, sawdust, sawn, scrawl, shawl, sprawl, straw, strawberry, trawler, yaw, yawl, yawn, yaws.
10
Award, quart, quarter, quarterly, quartet, quartz, swarm, war, ward, warden, warder, wardrobe, warfare, warhead, warm, warmth, warn, warp, warship, wart, wartime, wharf.
11
Angora, flora, floral, Gloria, glory, glorify, door, floor, bought, caught, fraught, haughty, naughty, quorum, slaughter, taught, thought, oar, oarsman, oarlock, boar.
12
долгий гласный звук, не имеющийсоответствия в русском языке. Он является чем-то средним между
'о' и 'ё'
girl | herb | fur | world | heard
er
or
ur
ir
ear
our
Alert, allergic, berth, certain, certainly, certify, disperse, err, exert, expert, ferment, fern, fertile, fertilize, fervent, fervour, germ, her, herb, herd.
1
Immerse, impersonal, infer, insert, interpret, invert, jerk, jersey, kerb, maternal, mercenary, merchandise, merchant, merciless, mercury, mercy, merge, merger, mermaid, nerve, nervous, overt.
2
Perfect, perk, perm, permanent, person, personal, perverse, pervert, reserve, servant, serve,
server, service, serviceman, serving, sperm, sterling, stern, term, terminal, termite, universe, verse, version, versus, vertical.
3
Sword, sworn, thorn, torch, torment, torso, tortoise, torture, worn, lord.
4
Blur, blurt, church, churn, curb, curfew, curl, curly, curse, cursor, curt, curtail, curtain, curve, fur, furlong, furnace, furnish, furniture, furry, further, furthest, furtive.
5
Hurdle, hurdler, hurl, hurt, hurtle, incur, lurk, murder, murderous, murky, murmur, nurse, nursery, occur, purr, purse, slur, sturdy, superb, surf.
6
Surfer, surfing, surface, surge, surgeon, surgery, surgical, surname, surplus, turbine, turbulent, turf, turkey, turmoil, turn, turning, turnip, turtle.
7
Affirm, affirmative, birch, birth, birthday, birthplace, circle, circuit, circus, dirt, dirty, fi r, firm, first, flirt, girl, girlfriend, girth, quirk, quirky.
8
Shirt, sir, skirmish, skirt, smirk, squirt, squirm, swirl, thirty, thirst, thirsty, thirteen, twirl, virgin, virtual, virtue, whir, whirl, whirlwind, whirr.
9
Attorney, word, work, world, worker, workable, workforce, workload, workman, workshop, worldy, worm, worse, worsen, worship, worst, worth, worthless, worthwhile, worthy.
10
Dearth, early, earn, earner, earnest, earnings, earth, earthquake, heard, learn, pearl, pearly, search, searching.
11
Adjourn, courtesy, journal, journalist, journey, scourge, sojourn.
12
неопределённый беглый звук в безударных слогах.

teacher | doctor | mirror
er
a
u
e
ar
or
Baker, badger, banker, barber, barter, batter, beaker, blunder, bolster, boxer, brewer, brother, broker, builder, buffer, burner, burger, caterer, cater, chapter, character, charter, chatter, chopper.
1
Cleaner, clever, cluster, container, cooker, cover, covering, crater, cruiser, customer, danger, defender, deliver, eater, elder, employer, eraser, exercise, flaunder, founder, finder, hanger, helper.
2
Hunter, letter, lesser, liner, matter, newcomer, offer, order, paper, planner, potter, player, quater, racer, rafter, ranger, register, runner, September, sneaker, summer, supper, tiger, winner.
3
Abreast, abroad, abrupt, absorb, abuse, abysmal, acclaim, accord, account, accuse, achieve, acquit, across, acute, adapt, addiction, addition, address, adore, adrift, afraid, again, against, ago, alike, along, aloud, amid, amaze, amount, amuse, annoy.
4
Appeal, appease, approve, arena, aroma, arouse, ascent, aura, aurora, barnacle, canvas,
china, cholera, cinema, circa, cobra, coda, cola, coma, copula, data, enema, enigma, extra, flora, fauna, formula.
5
Gouda, querrilla, llama, magma, mafia, magnesia, majolica, miasma, mica, nova, novella, opera, orchestra, pajamas, parka, paprika, pizza, regatta, replica, saga, sofa, stamina, tuna, vibrant, viola, visa, yoga, zebra.
6
Binocular, calendar, caterpillar, cedar, Cheddar, circular, collar, fulmar, grammar, hangar, jokular, lunar, molecular, muscular, particular, pillar, polar, popular, scholar, secular, seminar, sluggard, sugar, vicar, vulgar.
7
Alum, azimuth, bacillus, cactus, cerebellum, chorus, circum, circumstance, circus, citrus, consensus, discus, emporium, focus, hiatus, humerus, locum, minus, opossum, papyrus, primus, quantum, stratum, spectrum, upon.
8
Agreement, ardent, barrel, blacken, choleric, corpulent, darken, deepen, evidence, existence, preference, presence, present, pretzel, prudence, prudent.
9
Actor, aggressor, bachelor, cantor, captor, conductor, conspirator, contributor, contractor, cursor, decorator, depositor, director, doctor, donor, equator, elector, emperor, exhibitor, exterior, factor, governor, horror, illustrator, indicator, inspector.
10
Dearth, early, earn, earner, earnest, earnings, earth, earthquake, heard, learn, pearl, pearly, search, searching.
11
Insulator, investigator, janitor, juror, liquor, major, manor, monitor, motor, operator, orator, precursor, predator, processor, proctor, projector, professor, radiator, reflector, sailor, sector, sensor, sculptor, stupor, superior, survivor, tractor, tutor, vendor, visitor.
12
краткий звук, близок русскому неударному 'а' в слове 'лак'
bus | money | couple
o
ou
u
Abrupt, adjust, adjudge, bubble, buck, bucket, buckle, bud, buddy, budge, budget, buff , buffalo, buffer, bug, bugger, buggy, bulb, bulge, bulk, bum, bump, bumper, bumpkin, bumpy, bunch, bundle, bung, bungalow, bungle, bunk, bunny, bunting, bus.
1
Busk, busker, bust, bustard, buster, bustle, but, butt, butter, buttercup, button, buttress, buzz, buzzard, cub, cud, cuddle, cuddly, cudgel, cuff , cull, culminate, culprit, cult, cultivate, culture, cunning, cup, cupping, cusp, cuss, custard, custody, custom, customs, cut.
2
Cutler, cutlery, cutlet, cutting, cuttlefish, cutworm, drub, drudge, drudgery, drug, drum, drunk, dub, dubbin, duchess, duck, duckling, dud, duff el, duffer, dug, dull, dumb, dummy, dump, dumpling, dumpy, dun, dunce, dungeon, dunk, dusk.
3
Dust, dustbin, dustcoat, Dutch, exult, fuddle, fudge, fug, fumble, fun, function, fund, funfair, funnel, funny, fuss, fussy, fusty, fuzz, gruff , grumble, grumpy, grunt, gulch, gull, gullet, gully, gulp, gum, gumbo, gummy, gun, gunner, gush, gushy, gust, gut, guts, gutter, guzzle.
4
Hub, huckster, huddle, huff , hug, hulk, hull, hum, humble, hump, humph, hunch, hung, hunger, hungry, hunk, hunt, husband, hush, husk, husky, hussy, hustings, hustle, hut, hutch, hutment, judder, judge, jug, juggle, jumbo, jump, jumper, jungle.
5
Juncture, junk, junket, just, justice, justify, jut, knuckle, lubber, luck, lucky, lug, luggage, lugger, lughole, lugworm, lull, lullaby, lumbar, lumber, lummox, lump, lumpy, lunch, lung, lunge, lush, lust, lusty, luxury.
6
Much, muck, mucky, mud, muddy, muddle, muff , muffin, muffle, mufti, mug, mugger, muggy, mulberry, mulch, multiform, multiple, multitude, mum, mumble, mumbo, mummer, mumps, munch, muscle, muscular, mush, mushroom, musk, musketry, muslin, muss, mussel, must, mustang, mustard, muster, mutt, muzzle.
7
Nub, null, nullify, nullity, numb, number, nun, nuncio, nunnery, nuptial, nut, nutmeg, nutshell, nutty, nuzzle, obstruct, pluck, plug, plumb, plum, plummy, plump, plunder, plunge, plunk, plus, plush, pub, public, puck, puddle, puff , puffin, pug, pulp, pulsar, pulse, pumice, pummel, pump, pumpkin.
8
Pun, punch, punctual, puncture, punish, punk, punster, punt, puppet, puppy, pus, pustule, puzzle, rebuff , rub, rubber, rubbish, rubble, ruck, ruckus, rudder, ruddle, ruddy, ruff, ruffian, ruffle, rug, rugby, rugged, rum, rumba, rumble, rumbling, rummage, rummy, rump, rumple, rumpus, run, rush, rust, rustic, rustle, rustling, rusty, rut.
9
Scrub, scruff , scrum, scrunch, scud, scuff , scuffle, scull, scullery, scullion, sculptor, sculpture, scum, scupper, scut, scuttle, shrub, shrubbery, shrug, shuck, shudder, shuffle, shun, shunt, shut, shutter, shuttle, sludge, slug, sluggard, sluggish, slum, slumber, slump, slung, slunk, slush, smudge, smug, smuggle, smut.
10
Snub, snuff , snuffer, snug, snuggle, splutter, sprung, spud, spun, spunk, sputter, struck, structure, struggle, strum, strung, strut, stub, stubble, stubborn, stubby, stucco, stuck, stud, study, stuff , stuff y, stumble, stump, stun, stung, stunk, stunner, stunt, stutter, sub, subject, such, suck, suction, sudden, suds, suffer, suffix, sulk.
11
Sulk, sulky, sullen, sully, sultan, sultry, sum, summary, summer, summery, summit, summon, sump, sumptuous, sun, Sunday, sunder, sung, sunken, sunny, sup, supper, supple, supplement, suspect, tub, tuck, tug, tumble, tun, tundra, tunnel, tup, tush, tusk, tussle, tussock, tut, vulgar, vulture, wrung.
12
Above, affront, among, another, brother, come, comer, comfit, comfort, comforter, comfrey, comfy, compass, company, colour, confront, coven, covenant, Coventry, cover, coverage, covet, covey, done, front, frontage, frontal, frontier, glove, London, love.
13
Monday, money, mongrel, monk, monkey, month, mother, none, nothing, onion, other, oven, shove, shovel, smother, some, something, sometimes, son, sponge, stomach, thorough, ton, tongue, tonnage, tonne, won, wonder, wonderful, wonderland, wondrous.
14
Country, couple, couplet, coupling, courage, cousin, double, flourish, nourish, nourishment,
rough, sough, tough, touch, trouble, young, younger, youngster.
15
соответствует русскому краткому у в слове 'ум'
book | push |
oo
u
Putsch, putter, shush, sugar, sugary, sure, umlaut, usual, vacuum, valuer, visual, visually.
Ambush, babyhood, bankbook, book, booking, bookshop, brook, cook, cookery, cooker, cookie, foot, footbridge, footing, good, goodbye, goodness, goods, hood, hook, hooker.
1
Look, nook, oomph, oops, rook, rookery, crook, rookie, shook, soot, stood, took, tootsie, whoopee, whoosh, wood, woodblock, woodcutter, woodpecker, woody, wool, woolen, woolly.
2
Allure, allusion, annual, buff et, bulbul, bull, bully, bullyboy, bulrush, bulwark, bush, bushed, bushel, bushy, casual, circular, circulate, curious, fluoride, fuel, fulcrum, cushion, cushy.
3
Fulfil, fulfilment, full, fuller, fully, fulminate, fulness, fulsome, gulden, guru, humane, hurray,
hussar, incubate, insular, July, jurist, juror, juryman, kukri.
4
Modular, ocupent, pud, pudding, pull, pullback, pullet, pulley, Pullman, pullover, pulpit, push, pushbike, pushed, pusher, pushy, puss, pussy, pussycat, put.
5
долгий 'у', произносится протяжно
soup | loose | cruiser | news
oo
u
ou
ui
ew
Coup, coupé, coupon, couscous, couture, croup, croupier, crouton, douche, group, louvre, mousse, nougat, ouzel, pouf, route, routine, touché, troup, wound, youth, youthful.
1
Chew, chewing, chew, crew, dew, drew, few, flew, hew, new, newly, phew, sew, screw, skew, slew, spew, strew, strewth, threw.
2
Illuminate, illusion, illusory, illusionist, include, intrude, judo, jute, lukewarm, lunacy, lunar,
lute, plume, prude, prudence, prudent, prudish, prune, pule, rue, rude, rudiment, rueful, rule, ruminant, scruple, scuba, scrutiny, student, super, true, tube, tine, tumid, tumulus, tuna, tutor, tutu, Zulu.
3
Snooty, snooze, soon, soothe, spoof, spook, spool, spoon, stooge, stool, stoop, swoon, swoop,
tattoo, too, tool, toot, tooth, tootle, troop, tycoon, typhoon, whoop, woo, woof, woozy, zoo, zoom.
4
Bruise, bruit, cruise, cruiser, bruiser, fruit, sluice, juice, suit, suitcase, suitable.
5
6
Accrue, accuse, acute, amuse, brute, brutish, crude, crusade, crucial, crucify, chute, crudity,
cruel, cruse, cruelty, cube, cue, cubit, drupe, due, duke, duty, flu, fluke, flute, exclude, human.
Baboon, aloof, bamboo, balloon, bloom, boo, booby, boom, boon, boost, booster, boot, booth, booze, brood, broom, choose, cocoon, cool, coolant.
7
Cooler, cooper, croon, crooner, doodle, doom, drool, droop, fool, foolish, gloom, gloomy, goof, googly, goon, goose, gooseberry, groom, groove, groovy.
8
Hooch, hoof, hoop, hoot, hooter, hoover, hooves, loo, loom, loon, loop, loose, loosen, loot, maroon, moo, mood, moody, moon, moonstone, moose, moot, noodle, noon.
9
Noose, platoon, poodle, poof, pool, poop, poove, proof, racoon, roof, room, roomer, roomy, roost, root, scoop, scoot, school, scooter, scrooge, shoot, sloop, smooch, smooth, snood, snook, snooker, snoop, snoot.
10
соответствует русскому "п"
pin| price
p
соответствует русскому "б"
book | web
b
соответствует русскому "м"
mother | bomb | calm | solemn
m
mb
lm
mn
звук, близкий к русскому "у", но губы
более округлены
war | wear | quantity
w
u
соответствует русскому "ф"
coffee | laugh | phone
f
ph
gh
соответствует русскому "в"
love | visit
v
произносится без голоса; кончик
языка находится между передними
зубами.
thank | think
th
произносится с голосом; кончик
языка находится между передними
зубами
this | another
th
почти как русский "с"
school | psycho | ascend
s
ss
sc
ps
st
c
почти как русский "з"
zoo | lose
s
z
кончик языка находится у альвеол
table | doubt
t
bt
кончик языка находится у альвеол
did | disc
d
соответствует русскому "н"
narrow | gnome | know
d
gn
pn
kn
произносится несколько мягче, чем
русский "л"
love | level
l
кончик языка не должен касаться
нёба и язык не должен вибрировать,
как при произнесении русского "р"
true | rhythm
r
rh
мягче, чем русский "ш"
she | show "
sh
ti
ch
ci
s
мягче, чем русский "ж"
vision | treasure
g
su
si